The history of cocaine is charted with specific reference to its usefulness as a medicine and local anesthetic. It is common knowledge that coca leaves were used as a panacea and local anesthetic throughout the history of the Incan Empire of Peru. In Europe, however, its medical usefulness was not fully recognized until Carl Koller used it to anesthetize the cornea of the eye. Over the next 20 years, cocaine became a popular medicine and tonic in Europe and America, where it was credited with curing a wide variety of diseases and illnesses. However, reports soon started to appear claiming that cocaine was a drug with a high social abuse potential and in America it seemed to underpin growing crime figures. As a result, cocaine was misclassified as a narcotic and its use was restricted to specific surgical procedures and medicinal preparations. Today, cocaine and its derivatives are still popular local anesthetics in operations of the ear, nose and throat and it is also used in a preparation given to alleviate the pain (physical and mental) of terminal diseases. Although cocaine has a high public profile as a drug of addictive potential, this drug has also had a long and distinguished history as a medicine and local anesthetic. The legitimate uses of cocaine exacerbate the problems of controlling this substance of abuse and should provide a stimulus for generating local anesthetics that lack addictive potential.
This song has been sung or played by many artists: Dalida , Guadalupe Pineda , Eydie Gormé & Trio Los Panchos , Los Paraguayos , Julio Jaramillo , Nicola Di Bari , Abbe Lane , Julio Iglesias , Angélica María , Nana Mouskouri , George Dalaras , Hrysoula Stefanaki , Perez Prado , Laura Fygi , Iva Zanicchi , Dizzy Reece , Pedro Infante , Ana Gabriel , Luis Miguel , Luz Casal , Yasar, Cesaria Evora , Lili Boniche , Los Tres Ases , Dany Brillant , Eartha Kitt , Krystyna Janda , Stanisława Celińska , Sargis Maghakyan Sr., Zaz (singer) , Il Volo , Felipe Pirela , Miri Mesika ,  Diego El Cigala and Il Divo among others. The song was recorded as a tango by Héctor Varela and his orchestra along with singer Rodolfo Lesica . The song was featured several times in the Columbian telenovela "La Hija del Mariachi", performed by Carolina Ramirez. In the film "Visage" by Tsai Ming-liang , Lebanese singer Mohammed Jamal recorded the song in the 1980s in Arabic under the title You and dancing and me (إنت والرقص وأنا).